Inspiring Future Thinking

Teachers work really hard, they are ‘on’ 100% of the day and barely have time for food and toilet breaks and yet they still have to find time to add value to their teaching, increase the depth of their students’ experiences and run extra-curricular activities. I know, I’ve worked with teachers for 17 years and things are not getting better…especially when home-learning brought about by the pandemic and culture wars over mask-wearing and other issues are brought into the mix.

So when I say that ’every teacher is a careers teacher’ I’m expecting a big sigh and an eye-roll, but please hold on, give me a couple of minutes to explain.

Careers and future-thinking go hand-in-hand and so when teachers discuss possibilities and skills, creativity and ambition, it can take very little to dissuade young people from their belief in themselves and their values. Think about a time when someone said to you that ‘you’re not cut out for that’ or that ‘you’d never be able to do that’ or reflects that ‘I’m not that kind of person’ – all of these little reflections on times when a parent, guardian, teacher or friend said something off the cuff that has stuck with you. Now imagine you’re a child with no solid role-models, no one who believes in you or a child who thinks they would be good at X, Y or Z but can’t see anyone that looks like them who does X, Y or Z. It must be disheartening mustn’t it?

In Britain we like to feed the idea that every child has equal access to the tools of success and the chance to access the career of their choice regardless of background. Sadly, this idea doesn’t hold up under too much close scrutiny.

In my book The Ladder, I have devoted an entire chapter to dispelling some of these myths and suggesting how to tackle them, I’ll share some of the myths with you now and then share some tools to help build better self-reflection and confidnce.

Myth 1. Where you’re from doesn’t affect your life chances. 

What if you’re from one of the ‘cold-spots’ identified by the Careers and Enterprise Company[1]where multiple reasons have reduced employment options? What if you’re from an area with high unemployment since the closure of heavy industry? What if you’re from a family who decided, for example, that university ‘isn’t for the likes of us’? The Sutton Trust found that young people from less privileged backgrounds often lack the support and guidance to overcome the suggestion that university isn’t for them[2]so intelligent children will find it hard to convince themselves that university ‘is worth getting into debt for’ even if they are perfectly capable of it.

Writing in RIFE: 21 stories from Britain’s Youth, Ilyas Nagdee[3]makes an important observation about progression to university for young people from Black and Minority Ethnic (BAME) backgrounds: “the university on my doorstep was very different to the Manchester I grew up in…quite often in cities like Manchester, huge universities are close to areas with low progression into university, and the communities nearby benefit least from these gigantic institutions”.  University outreach activity is important but it needs to focus on supporting specific communities around each institution. After visiting an open day at Manchester University ‘lured by the promise of food’ Nagdee enjoyed the experience, understood he belonged there and became determined to go to Birmingham University. Whilst there, he became a member of the University’s Black Ambassador Scheme, going on to become Black Students’ Officer for NUS[4]because, as Marian Wright Edelman says, ‘you cannot be what you cannot see’ and he wanted to support young people from BAME backgrounds.

Action: Look into your local universities and their outreach programmes – see how your students could benefit from visits and sessions on student funding etc. Arrange visits for all students regardless of their grades – sometimes visiting a university will ignite more ambition and therefore effort. Sometimes these programmes aren’t well promoted – get on the internet and phone and find out what’s on offer.

 

Myth 2. Apprenticeships: a less-academic option for young people?

ABM UK found in their research in 2018[5]interviewing 2,000 parents and 2,000 11–15-year-olds, that 43% of parents felt apprenticeships were poorly paid and saw them as a second-rate option for young people who ‘failed their exams’. However, Apprenticeships do support skills and higher skills development and are focused on employability and are debt-free. Director General of the CBI, Carolyn Fairbairn said in 2019[6]“the need to best prepare our young people for work has never been more important. The growing need for higher level skill is already holding some firms back” so there’s clearly a need for businesses to invest in their skills base. With 319,000 starting in 2019/20 they are in demand – however the signs are that covid has reduced the first two quarters take up by 7.3% compared to 2018/9.

For all their focus on skills and lack of debt, there is one area that does seem to detract from the social-mobility message – higher apprenticeships will affect the family income through tax credit, universal credit and housing benefit in many instances[7]. Professional CEIAG advice is essential in deciding pathways.

 

Action: consider local employers’ apprenticeship offerings, ask them to come in and speak to all students and ask your Careers team to make sure they’re up to date on how apprenticeships could affect a post-16 student’s family finances. Get involved with initiatives like National Apprenticeship Week and National Careers Week to spread the message about all the options available to your students.

 

Myth 3. Stereotypes aren’t a problem these days.

The ‘Drawing The Future’ research by the Education & Employers charity[8]tasked 20,000 7-11 year olds with drawing a number of people in careers. The results observed that gender stereotyping was very much alive and well and is established by 7 years old.

 

Action: Tackling stereotypes needs to be done as a conscious choice – gender, race, age, disability – all of these areas need to be considered when broadening the horizons of the children we work with: it’s ongoing and vital.

 

I know that teachers have a lot to do, but I want to show that with a few simple tools and regular forays into Careers learning – say 10 minutes a week in form-time or PD – self-reflection, skills awareness, ambition and confidence can all grow through repetition.

Structural support for careers and futures thinking linked to local FE, HE and other career-related opportunities will also highlight the wealth of possibilities on offer to young people from ALL backgrounds and with ALL skills.

The angle I’m coming from in The Ladder is that every teacher is, in some ways, a careers teacher – all teachers impact on supporting children in developing knowledge and awareness for confident futures – and the research, ideas and tools in the book make this task straightforward to do whatever you teach.

 

Are you going to join me and Set Up #TheLadder?

Thanks,

Bernie.

(Andrew Bernard, @EnterpriseSBox) 

WEBLINK: (Use code IFL25 for 25% off during 2022) https://www.crownhouse.co.uk/andrew-bernard 

 

References:

[1]Careers and Enterprise Company, Updating the Careers Cold Spots: The Careers and Enterprise Prioritisation Indicators(London: Careers and Enterprise Company, 2018),p. iv. Available at:https://www.careersandenterprise.co.uk/sites/default/files/uploaded/updating_the_careers_cold_spots_report.pdf.

[2]Quoted in Rebecca Attwood, ‘Not for the Likes of Us’, Times Higher Education(12 August 2009). Available at: https://timeshighereducation.com/news/not-for-the-likes-of-us/407750.article.

[3]Ilyas Nagdee, ‘Half-Truth Histories: How Erasing Empire Maintains the Status Quo’. In Nikesh Shukla and Sammy Jones (eds), RIFE: Twenty-One Stories from Britain’s Youth(London: Unbound, 2019), pp. 193–209 at p. 200.

[4]Nagdee was the National Union of Students (NUS) Black Students’ Officer from 2017–2019, representing, campaigning on behalf of, and advocating for BAME students.

[5]Chris Townsend, Do You Mind the Gap? This Week in FM(5 March 2019). Available at: https://www.twinfm.com/article/do-you-mind-the-gap.

[6]Royal Society, Royal Society Calls for Independent Review of Post-16 Education (12 February 2019). Available at: https://royalsociety.org/news/2019/02/call-for-independent-review-of-post-16-education/.

[7]https://www.gingerbread.org.uk/information/benefits-tax-credits-and-universal-credit/money-when-your-child-turns-16/

[8]Nick Chambers, Elnaz T. Kashefpakdel, Jordan Rehill and Christian Percy, Drawing the Future: Exploring the Career Aspirations of Primary School Children from Around the World (London: Education and Employers, 2018), p. iv. Available at: https://www.educationandemployers.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Drawing-the-Future-FINAL-REPORT.pdf.